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- 1. Do not deceive your heart-mind
- The heart-mind is the owner of your body. This means that since human beings are governed and controlled by their minds, all words spoken and all actions taken are expressions of one’s mind. There are two dispositions of mind: conscience and selfishness. Conscience is the innate mind originally bestowed upon humankind by Heaven, whereas selfishness is the product of greed arising from one’s pursuit of wealth.
In this regards, the essence of human nature can be found in the conscience. However, humans have a strong and inappropriate tendency to have one’s conduct blinded by greed. One must therefore make a constant effort to recover one’s own innate conscience by discarding selfishness. As all human evils stem from deceiving their minds, one must root out evil deeds by having honesty and truthfulness, which are the essences of human nature.
- 2. Practice virtuous speech
- Words are like the sounds of the mind, and virtuous actions are the traces of a virtuous mind. Your affinity for either good or evil is usually revealed by your way of speaking. If you speak well of others, the traces of this goodness will keep growing and bring you greater fortune. If you speak ill of others, the traces of this evil will keep growing and bring you greater misfortune. Thus happiness and misery in your life inevitably depend on your way of speaking; therefore, always be mindful when speaking to others.
- 3. Do not provoke Cheok from others
- Cheok is an emotional grievance or grudge that another person conceives against you. Therefore, hating others or betraying their goodwill incites them to form Cheok against you. Therefore, this negative emotion can be prevented by loving others and being gracious towards them while demonstrating the virtues of politeness, gentleness, humility, and modesty.
- 4. Do not disregard the beneficence bestowed upon you
- Favors are the benefit that others offer to you. To disregard their favors is to forget and betray their beneficence. Thus, once you receive benefit or beneficence from others, you must reciprocate it at some later point.
▪ You are indebted to the great divinities in Heaven and Earth for your life, lifespan, blessings, and wealth. Thus you should acknowledge and reciprocate the grace you received from them by fulfilling your duty as a human being with sincerity, respectfulness, and faithfulness.
▪ You are indebted to your nation and society for your security and comfort. Thus you should contribute to social growth and public welfare through your devotional service to your nation.
▪ You are indebted to your parents for your birth and upbringing. Thus you should practice filial piety with the ethical goal of respecting elders and returning beneficence back to the root.
▪ You are indebted to your teachers for their teachings and guidance. For this, you should reciprocate by leading a life of virtues based on their teachings.
▪ You are indebted to your employers for your livelihood, wages and job title. For this, you should reciprocate by working faithfully and diligently as an employee.
- 5. Promote the betterment of others
- Promoting the betterment of others is the basic principle of the Great Dao of Mutual Beneficence and the fundamental concept through which the salvation of humanity will be achieved. Do not spare any effort while promoting the betterment of others. Combine your efforts with others and cooperate to accomplish your aims.