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Temple Complexes




About the Temple Complexes

The temple complex is a location which enshrines the Supreme God, Kang Jeungsan, and the other deities in fifteen holy positions at the most sacred shrine known as ‘Yeongdae.’ Given that it is the enshrinement site of the great deities of Heaven and Earth, the temple complex is a holy ground wherein the greatest degree of devotional sincerity should be maintained. Ritualistic activities such as Devotional Offering Ceremonies (Chiseong), Temple Acclimation (Chambae) and Headquarters Offerings (Bonbuseong) are held here alongside a variety of other religious gatherings. Furthermore, the temple complex is the ground of spiritual cultivation wherein the Dao practitioners of Daesoon Jinrihoe practice Holy Works (Gongbu) and Prayer (Gido) as well as attend educational courses (Sugang and Yeonsu). Every building and architectural structure in the temple complex expresses the cosmology of Daesoon Jinrihoe and doctrinal concepts such as the Resolution of Grievances for Mutual Beneficence (Haewon-sangsaeng).
Throughout Korea, there are five temple complexes beginning with Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex and also including Junggok Temple Complex, Jeju Training Temple, Pocheon Cultivation Temple Complex, and Geumgangsan Toseong Training Temple Complex. Junggok Temple Complex began its construction in Seoul underneath Mount Yongma in 1969 and was completed in 1971.
The majority of structures now known as Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex were first built as the ‘Yeoju Cultivation Temple Complex’ which was erected in Yeoju, Gyeonggi Province back in 1986. Afterwards in 1990, Bonjeon Hall (Main Sanctuary Building) was built as an extension, and in 1993, the designation of headquarters was rescinded from Junggok Temple Complex and bestowed upon Yeoju Cultivation Temple Complex; thereby resulting in its re-designation as ‘Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex.’ The headquarters temple complex has the following administrative offices: Planning Department, General Affairs Department, Department of Religious Research and Edification, and Department of Cultivation Affairs.
Jeju Training Temple was erected in 1989 in Nohyeong-dong, Jeju Island. In 1992, Pocheon Cultivation Temple Complex was erected in Seondan-dong below Mount Wangbang in Pocheon, Gyeonggi Province. In 1996, Geumgangsan Toseong Training Temple Complex was built in Goseong, Gangwon Province and is located on the foothills of the first summit of Sinseon Peak of Mount Geumgansan.
The temple complexes of Daesoon Jinrihoe harmonize traditional Korean wooden building construction with modern architectural techniques. Each temple complex takes the most sacred shrine, Yeongdae, as its center and other buildings stand around it. The borders of the premises are marked by gates such as ‘Iljumun Gate,’ ‘Pojeongmun Gate,’ and ‘Sungdomun Gate,’ and structures such as ‘Jonggak Bell Pavilion’ and ‘Noehwago Drum Pavilion’ are also arranged throughout the complex. The exterior of all the buildings in the temple complexes are harmoniously decorated in Dancheong (traditional Korean multi-colored paintwork). Additionally, the buildings are characterized by the way in which they are decorated with a large variety of murals that depict key religious themes.


*Chiseong : a ceremonial ritual offering held in an elaborate and collective way to show one’s gratitude with utmost sincerity for the grace of Sangje and other great deities. This is held to mark important dates or major events throughout the year. *Chambae : Temple Acclimation includes a worship ceremony in Yongdae and a guided tour of the temple grounds featuring in-depth explanations. *Bonbuseong : a monthly event in which the representatives of high-ranking clergy members devote an offering collected from general members to Gucheon Sangje. *Gongbu : a form of spiritual cultivation performed by a team of 36 participants who take turns reciting certain incantations (mantras) devotedly for a 24 hour period at a specific time and place. It has been carried out 365 days a year, 24 hours a day without any break since the Summer Solstice of 1991. There are two varieties of Gongbu: Sihak-gongbu and Sibeob-gongbu. *Gido : Prayer is the practice of reciting prayerful incantations at designated places or in one's home at a designated time. It is divided into Daily Prayer and Weekly Prayer. Daily Prayer is practiced at 1 am, 7 am, 1 pm, and 7 pm everyday, whereas Weekly Prayer is practiced at 5 am, 11 am, 5 pm, and 11 pm on all gab and gi days. *Sugang : a series of lectures given as a three-day educational course designed to help disciples improve their qualifications and increase their virtue. This course usually focuses on the main scripture, the Jeongyeong. It has been performed since 1986 at Yeoju HQ Temple Complex. *Yeonsu : a series of educational courses that helps clergy members broaden their understanding of Daesoon Jinrihoe and strengthen their ability to communicate with one another and achieve solidarity. During this training period of five nights and six days, attendees listen to lectures on Daesoon Jichim, the guiding principles of Daesoon Jinrihoe, and go on field trips to nearby areas where they explore scenic locations and cultural heritage sites. Yeonsu has been offered every week since 1996 at Geumgangsan Toseong Training Temple Complex. *Dancheong : Dancheong is a traditional Korean style of painting that is used on walls, pillars, and ceilings in interior and exterior architectures to create harmoniously colored paintings and patterns. The name ‘Dancheong (丹靑)’ comes from the word ‘dan (cinnabar 丹)’ referring to ‘red coloration’ and ‘cheong (bluish green 靑)’ referring to ‘blue coloration.’ The interaction of these two main colors represents the harmony of Yin and Yang while the twelve colors of Dancheong paints represent the ideal world wherein all phenomena throughout the universe are brought into harmony and concord.
The function of Dancheong paints in traditional Korean architecture is to protect wooden structures from weathering while also spatially separating sacred environments from secular environments. Dancheong is also used to designate objects as having divine authority or as being venerable in nature. All of sanctuary buildings of temple complexes in Daesoon Jinrihoe have been painted with twelve-colored Geum-Dancheong (a Dancheong method of painting the most decorative and colorful variety of patterns and pictures on all surfaces in an area) as it conveys dignity and authority, befitting great deities.
The Dancheong paints featured in Daesoon Jinrihoe temple complexes carry the connotations of this unique and identifiable aspect of traditional Korean culture and also serve to mark these sacred grounds as religious sites. Dancheong at temple complexes has all been painted by ordinary devotees, and as such, the buildings are also an expression of their faith. This creates a divine and majestic atmosphere.




Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex

Yeoju Temple Complex is Daesoon Jinrihoe's headquarters. Originally, Junggok Temple Complex in Seoul had been used as the headquarters beginning in 1969. However, as the numbers of followers grew, the headquarters was moved to this location, here in Yeoju, back in 1993. Actually, it was at this time, that Daesoon Jinrihoe became known to people as the largest Korean new religion rooted in the ethnic traditions of Korea.
The temple complex was completed through two separate construction processes. The first one started in April of 1986. Surprisingly, it took just 4 months to complete all the buildings. After Yeongdae* (which had previously been located in Bonggangjeon) was completed, a devotional offering ceremony was held on October 25th (lunar calender) in 1986 to commemorate its construction.
The second period of construction was from 1988 to 1990, and it was at that time, that buildings such as Bonjeon, Sihak-won, Sibeop-won, Jeongsim-won, and Daesoon Assembly Hall (the high-ground buildings behind Cheonggye Pagoda) were constructed. From that moment onwards, this temple complex started to have the dignity of a headquarters.
At Yeoju Headquarters, Holy Works (Gongbu) began at Summer Solstice in 1991 and are set to continue indefinitely. Three-day, two-night Educational Courses (Sugang) designed to help disciples improve their qualifications and increase their virtue have been offered at the headquarters since 1986. In addition, most devotional offering ceremonies and other key events are held here.

[ The Feng Shui of Yeoju HQ Temple Complex ]
Yeoju, the location of Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex, is an area that the greatest geomancers of the Joseon Dynasty had identified as auspicious land, and as such, it went on to produce eight queens over the length of that dynasty including Empress Inhyeon and Empress Myeongseong. Yeoju is likewise the location of the royal tombs of King Sejong (Yeongneung 英陵) and King Hyojong (Yeongneung 寧陵). In addition, the land features of Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex are characterized by the Earth phase governed gentle mountains behind it and the steadily-flowing Namhan River to its front. Interestingly, the river curves inwards towards the temple complex, bringing the river’s flow to a temporary pause just in front of the complex before enough momentum builds to carry the water onwards. For these reasons, the area is exemplary as a propitious site as it conforms to the Feng Shui ideal of being supported by a mountain while overlooking water.

Geumgangsan Toseong Training Temple Complex

This temple complex is located on the foothills of Sinseon Peak (1,204m), the first of 12,000 peaks in the Geumgang Mountains. As such, Geumgangsan Toseong Training Temple Complex enjoys a commanding view of the East Sea which is located in front of the temple complex. The temple complex's location reminds devotees of the following words that were spoken by Sangje: “In the future, the Heavenly Energy contained in the 12,000 peaks of Geumgang Mountains will bring forth the great 12,000 Dotong-gunjas*.” Also of great significance, is the way in which that this temple complex features a Maitreya Buddha statue and houses the tomb of the Holy Leader (Dojeon). The temple complex and Maitreya Buddha statue are open to the public for general sightseeing.
This temple complex is the most recent edifice as it was built in 1995. It is located on a site measuring 115,700㎡ with 13 structures; notably including the Bonjeon, Pojeong Gate, Jonggak Pavilion, and the Rest Center. Jonggak Pavilion contains within it a Daewon Bell, which is the same size as the Daewon Bell at Yeoju Headquarters. Both bells are in a tie as the largest temple bells in Korea. Noehwa Drum has a diameter of 2.5m and is located at Pojeong Gate. Geumgangsan Toseong Training Temple Complex offers devotees the long-running 'Geumgangsan Yeonsu,' a six-day training course. This course has been held every week for more than 20 years since its original inception in January of 1996.

*Dotong-gunja: Individuals who have achieved the wisdom to fully understand everything in the universe beyond space and time while possessing the empowerment to do all things at their will.

Pocheon Cultivation Temple Complex

This temple complex is located on the foothills of Wangbang Mountain (773m) in Seondan-dong, Pocheon, Gyeonggi Province. This place is called ‘Seondan-dong’, which means ‘altar’ in Korean. This is where ritual ceremonies used to take place to honor ancient deities. Given that the construction of this temple fulfills the namesake, 'Seondan-dong', it is even more meaningful that so many of the great deities of Heaven and Earth have been enshrined there.

This temple complex was built in July 1992 with five buildings on a site measuring 33,000㎡. Daejin University is located next to this temple complex. The Special Incantation Training was once performed at this location, and now, Three-day Education Courses (Sugang) are currently held there and are conducted by a team of 72 members.

Junggok Temple Complex

This temple complex is located on the foothills of Yongma Mountain which is connected to Bukhan Mountain and Surak Mountain, and it commands a view of the Han River toward its front. This is the first Daesoon Jinrihoe temple complex which was built in June 1969. It was at this temple complex that the fundamental system of Daesoon Jinrihoe’s religious body was established and new religious works began according to annual plans.

Jeju Training Temple

This temple is located in Nohyeong-dong, Jeju upon which the vital force of Halla Mountain is centered. The temple is a modern style building consisting of seven stories and a basement all of which was completed in July 1989 on a site measuring 2,600㎡. Yeongdae and Daesoon Seongjeon (a hall with sacred paintings) are located on the 7th floor.

Branch Temples

Besides these five temple complexes, there are hundreds of fellowship buildings and assembly halls, and thousands of propagation centers, which are striving to spread Sangje’s teachings all over the country.